How does Zenreader prevent unintentional plagiarism

Plagiarism is the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them as one's own. There are two types of plagiarism:

Intentional Plagiarism: when someone knowingly presents someone else’s ideas, research, words and work as their own.

Unintentional Plagiarism: credit for another person’s ideas, research and words is not given properly when these are incorporated in one's work. Main sources of unintentional plagiarism are:

  • failing to cite your sources correctly,
  • not citing paraphrased information.

Whilst we have no control whether someone uses our tools for intentional plagiarism, at Leapian, we take active steps towards ensuring that our products are contributing to reducing unintentional plagiarism. We achieve this by:

  1. attaching bibliographic information to each piece of information that is extracted from a document;
  2. automatically copying citation information when pieces of information originating from documents are exported (even if the content has been paraphrased),
  3. developing natural language processing algorithms to detect whether text should be cited.
Keeping track of all

Source Documents

When a document is imported, Zenreader tries to automatically detect the metadata by looking for a unique document identifier (PII, DOI, PubMed ID, etc.). When the bibliographic information cannot be detected, it can be manually added.

Every piece of information extracted from documents is treated as an extract (aka snippet) to be cited when used in other parts of Zenreader.

Automatic citations of


Zenreader automatically attaches bibliographic information to any snippet extracted from a document, so that you always know exactly where the information came from.

When snippets are added to notes or exported from Zenreader, the citation information is exported as well, thus minimisng the chances of forgetting to add the citation.